So here we are just finishing another great holiday meal and once again my favorite dish were the sweet potatoes. I have always known that sweet potatoes are super healthy and I wanted to forward a really good article that I just read last month in Healthline by Erica Julson, MS, RDN, CLT.
I will highlight most of her article here and at the end of this blog I will give you my favorite way to prepare them.
So here are six of the health benefits of eating sweet potatoes:
1. Highly nutritious
Sweet potatoes are a great source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
One cup, or 200 grams (g), of baked sweet potato with skin provides:
- Calories: 180
- Carbs: 41 g
- Protein: 4 g
- Fat: 0.3 g
- Fiber: 6.6 g
- Vitamin A: 213% of the Daily Value (DV)
- Vitamin C: 44% of the DV
- Manganese: 43% of the DV
- Copper: 36% of the DV
- Pantothenic acid: 35% of the DV
- Vitamin B6: 34% of the DV
- Potassium: 20% of the DV
- Niacin: 19% of the DV
In addition, sweet potatoes — especially the orange and purple varieties — are rich in antioxidants that protect your body from free radicals.
Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage DNA and trigger inflammation.
Free radical damage has been linked to chronic illnesses like cancer, heart disease, and aging. Therefore, eating antioxidant rich foods is good for your health.
The fiber and antioxidants in sweet potatoes can be beneficial for gut health.
Sweet potatoes contain two types of fiber: soluble and insoluble.
Your body cannot digest either type. Therefore, fiber stays within your digestive tract and provides a variety of gut-related health benefits.
Certain types of soluble fiber — known as viscous fibers — absorb water and soften your stool. On the other hand, non-viscous, insoluble fibers don’t absorb water and add bulk.
Some soluble and insoluble fibers can also be fermented by the bacteria in your colon, creating compounds called short-chain fatty acids that fuel the cells of your intestinal lining and keep them healthy and strong.
Fiber-rich diets containing 20–33 g of fiber per day have been linked to a lower risk of colon cancer and more regular bowel movements.
The antioxidants in sweet potatoes may provide gut benefits as well.
Test-tube studies have found that antioxidants in purple sweet potatoes promote the growth of healthy gut bacteria, including certain Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus species.
Greater amounts of these types of bacteria within the intestines are associated with better gut health and a lower risk of conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and infectious diarrhea.
3. May have cancer-fighting properties
Sweet potatoes offer various antioxidants, which may help protect against certain types of cancers.
Anthocyanins — a group of antioxidants found in purple sweet potatoes — have been found to slow the growth of certain types of cancer cells in test-tube studies, including those of the bladder, colon, stomach, and breast.
Similarly, mice fed diets rich in purple sweet potatoes showed lower rates of early-stage colon cancer — suggesting that the anthocyanins in the potatoes may have a protective effect.
Extracts of sweet potato peels have also been found to have anti-cancer properties in test-tube and animals.
However, studies have yet to test these effects in humans.
4. Support healthy vision
Sweet potatoes are incredibly rich in beta carotene, the antioxidant responsible for the vegetable’s bright orange color.
In fact, one cup (200 g) of baked orange sweet potato with skin provides more than double the amount of beta carotene that the average adult needs per day.
Beta carotene is converted to vitamin A in your body and used to form light-detecting receptors inside your eyes.
Severe vitamin A deficiency is a concern in developing countries and can lead to a special type of blindness known as xerophthalmia. Eating foods rich in beta carotene, such as orange-fleshed sweet potatoes, may help prevent this condition.
Purple sweet potatoes also seem to have vision benefits.
Test-tube studies have found that the anthocyanins they provide can protect eye cells from damage, which may be significant to overall.
5. May enhance brain function
Consuming purple sweet potatoes may improve brain function.
One animal study found that the anthocyanins in purple sweet potatoes could help protect the brain by reducing inflammation and preventing free radical damage.
Another study found that supplementing with anthocyanin-rich sweet potato extract could reduce markers of inflammation and improve spatial working memory in mice, possibly due to its antioxidant properties.
No studies have been done to test these effects in humans, but in general, diets rich in fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants are associated with a 13% lower risk of mental decline and dementia.
6. May support your immune system
Orange-fleshed sweet potatoes are one of the richest natural sources of beta carotene, a plant-based compound that is converted to vitamin Ai n your body.
Vitamin A is critical to a healthy immune system, and low blood levels have been linked to reduced immunity.
It’s also key for maintaining healthy mucous membranes, especially in the lining of your gut.
The gut is where your body is exposed to many potential disease-causing pathogens. Therefore, a is an important part of a healthy immune system.
Studies have shown that vitamin A deficiency increases and reduces the ability of your immune system to respond properly to potential threats.
No studies have been conducted to determine whether sweet potatoes, in particular, have an effect on immunity, but eating them regularly can help prevent vitamin A deficiency.
How to add them to your diet
Sweet potatoes are very easy to add to your diet.
They can be enjoyed with or without the skin and can be baked, boiled, roasted, fried, steamed, or pan-cooked.
Their natural sweetness pairs well with many different seasonings, and they can be enjoyed in both savory and sweet dishes.
Some popular ways to enjoy sweet potatoes include:
- Sweet potato chips: Peeled, thinly sliced, and baked or fried.
- Sweet potato fries: Peeled, cut into wedges or matchsticks, and baked or fried.
- Sweet potato toast: Cut into thin slices, toasted, and topped with ingredients like nut butter or avocado.
- Mashed sweet potatoes: Peeled, boiled, and mashed with milk and seasoning.
- Baked sweet potatoes: Baked whole in the oven until fork-tender.
- Sweet potato hash: Peeled, diced, and cooked with onion in a pan.
- Spiralized sweet potatoes: Cut into spirals, sautéed, and sauced.
- In baked goods: Sweet potato puree adds moisture without fat.
Preparing sweet potatoes with a little fat — such as coconut oil, olive oil, or avocado — can help boost the absorption of beta carotene since it’s a fat-soluble nutrient.
My favorite way to prepare them is to wash and cut the sweet potatoes into 1 inch cubes, put then in a large bowl drizzle ~ ¼ cup of olive oil- toss until all potatoes cubes are coated with the olive oil, then lay the coated potato cubes on a large ceramic baking stone. Season with salt and pepper and Paprika. Bake at 400 degrees for 20 mins – take out of oven flip them over, add a little more seasoning and then bake an additional 20 mins. Simple, delicious and nutritious.
The bottom line
Sweet potatoes are nutrient-dense root vegetables that come in a variety of colors.
They’re high in fiber and antioxidants, which protect your body from free radical damage and promote a healthy gut and brain.
They’re also incredibly rich in beta carotene, which is converted to vitamin A to support good vision and your immune system.
If you have any questions about this blog or about your health in general you can reach me at: email@example.com